I learned a model for morality of actions at school recently. There are three components to determine whether an action is moral or not. The objective act, the subjective goal, and the concrete situation.
In order for an act to be moral,
- The object (or act) must be objectively good. Some acts, like killing, are intrinsically wrong because they go against a fundamental human right and cannot be considered moral.
- The subjective goal must be good. A good intention cannot make an objectively bad act moral. In addition, a good objective act can be immoral if the intention is bad
- The concrete situation (or circumstances) can lessen or increase one's responsibility for an act. For example, ignorance, fear, duress can lessen/nullify our responsibilities for actions, but cannot make an objectively bad action moral.
The ends does not justify the means. To what extent do you agree/disagree with this model?